Optical Devices for the Diagnosis and Management of Spinal Cord Injuries: A Review

Sonika Sharma, Neeti Kalyani, Taposhree Dutta, Jesús Salvador Velázquez-González, Ignacio Llamas-Garro, Bora Ung, Joan Bas, Rakesh Dubey, Satyendra K. Mishra*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewpeer-review

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Throughout the central nervous system, the spinal cord plays a very important role, namely, transmitting sensory and motor information inwardly so that it can be processed by the brain. There are many different ways this structure can be damaged, such as through traumatic injury or surgery, such as scoliosis correction, for instance. Consequently, damage may be caused to the nervous system as a result of this. There is no doubt that optical devices such as microscopes and cameras can have a significant impact on research, diagnosis, and treatment planning for patients with spinal cord injuries (SCIs). Additionally, these technologies contribute a great deal to our understanding of these injuries, and they are also essential in enhancing the quality of life of individuals with spinal cord injuries. Through increasingly powerful, accurate, and minimally invasive technologies that have been developed over the last decade or so, several new optical devices have been introduced that are capable of improving the accuracy of SCI diagnosis and treatment and promoting a better quality of life after surgery. We aim in this paper to present a timely overview of the various research fields that have been conducted on optical devices that can be used to diagnose spinal cord injuries as well as to manage the associated health complications that affected individuals may experience.
Original languageEnglish
Article number296
Issue number6
Number of pages25
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Spina cord
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Fluorescence imaging
  • Photoacoustic imgaging
  • Plasmonic nanoparticles
  • Wearable optical technology
  • Neuroimaging
  • Fiber Bragg grating


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