Due to their band-structure and optical properties, InAs/InP quantum dots (QDs) constitute a promising system for single-photon generation at the third telecom window of silica fibers and for applications in quantum communication networks. However, obtaining the necessary low in-plane density of emitters remains a challenge. Such structures are also still less explored than their InAs/GaAs counterparts regarding optical properties of confined carriers. Here, we report on the growth via metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy and investigation of low-density InAs/InP QD-like structures, emitting in the range of 1.2–1.7 μm, which includes the S, C, and L bands of the third optical window. We observe multiple photoluminescence (PL) peaks originating from flat QDs with the height of a few material monolayers. Temperature-dependent PL reveals a redistribution of carriers between families of QDs. Via time-resolved PL, we obtain radiative lifetimes nearly independent of emission energy in contrast to previous reports on InAs/InP QDs, which we attribute to strongly height-dependent electron-hole correlations. Additionally, we observe neutral and charged exciton emission from spatially isolated emitters. Using the eight-band k·p model and configuration-interaction method, we successfully reproduce the energies of emission lines, the dispersion of exciton lifetimes, the carrier activation energies, as well as the biexciton binding energy, which allows for a detailed and comprehensive analysis of the underlying physics.
Holewa, P., Gawełczyk, M., Ciostek, C., Wyborski, P., Kadkhodazadeh, S., Semenova, E., & Syperek, M. (2020). Optical and electronic properties of low-density InAs/InP quantum-dot-like structures designed for single-photon emitters at telecom wavelengths. Physical Review B, 101(19), . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.101.195304