Opening of the Norway pout box: will it change the ecological impacts of the North Sea Norway pout fishery?

Matthieu Bigné, J. Rasmus Nielsen*, Francois Bastardie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The small-mesh Norway pout (Trisopterus esmarkii) fishery intensified in the northern North Sea during the 1970s. Concerns about juvenile gadoid bycatch led to the “Norway pout box” closure along the Scottish coast in 1977. To assess the justification of the box today and the potential current impacts of opening the box, we evaluate the closure effects on selected fish stocks by analysing high-resolution research survey and commercial fishery data. The species- and size-specific distribution patterns in relation to environmental influencing factors are analysed for Norway pout and important bycatch species inside and outside the box. Relative distribution of benthic habitats is compared between inside–outside areas according to fish occurrence and fishery spatial footprint. No area differences in fish size composition are observed. However, species abundance depends significantly on habitat and depth whose area distribution is not homogenous. The current fishery is mainly in deeper, muddy seabeds. Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus) density is higher in shallow and sandy habitats, with a relatively larger area coverage inside the box. If a box opening implies relatively more fishery in those habitats, then increased bycatch can be expected. Consequently, closure of certain benthic habitats may instead be better management, opening new fishing opportunities without risk.
Original languageEnglish
JournalICES Journal of Marine Science
Volume76
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)136-152
Number of pages18
ISSN1054-3139
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Commercial fishery analyses
  • Distribution and density
  • Fishery footprint
  • Marine protected areas
  • North Sea
  • Norway pout fishery
  • Research survey analyses
  • Sensitive benthic habitats
  • Spatial fishing closure
  • Technical management measures

Cite this

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title = "Opening of the Norway pout box: will it change the ecological impacts of the North Sea Norway pout fishery?",
abstract = "The small-mesh Norway pout (Trisopterus esmarkii) fishery intensified in the northern North Sea during the 1970s. Concerns about juvenile gadoid bycatch led to the “Norway pout box” closure along the Scottish coast in 1977. To assess the justification of the box today and the potential current impacts of opening the box, we evaluate the closure effects on selected fish stocks by analysing high-resolution research survey and commercial fishery data. The species- and size-specific distribution patterns in relation to environmental influencing factors are analysed for Norway pout and important bycatch species inside and outside the box. Relative distribution of benthic habitats is compared between inside–outside areas according to fish occurrence and fishery spatial footprint. No area differences in fish size composition are observed. However, species abundance depends significantly on habitat and depth whose area distribution is not homogenous. The current fishery is mainly in deeper, muddy seabeds. Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus) density is higher in shallow and sandy habitats, with a relatively larger area coverage inside the box. If a box opening implies relatively more fishery in those habitats, then increased bycatch can be expected. Consequently, closure of certain benthic habitats may instead be better management, opening new fishing opportunities without risk.",
keywords = "Commercial fishery analyses, Distribution and density, Fishery footprint, Marine protected areas, North Sea, Norway pout fishery, Research survey analyses, Sensitive benthic habitats, Spatial fishing closure, Technical management measures",
author = "Matthieu Bign{\'e} and Nielsen, {J. Rasmus} and Francois Bastardie",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1093/icesjms/fsy121",
language = "English",
volume = "76",
pages = "136--152",
journal = "I C E S Journal of Marine Science",
issn = "1054-3139",
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}

Opening of the Norway pout box: will it change the ecological impacts of the North Sea Norway pout fishery? / Bigné, Matthieu; Nielsen, J. Rasmus; Bastardie, Francois.

In: ICES Journal of Marine Science, Vol. 76, No. 1, 2019, p. 136-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Opening of the Norway pout box: will it change the ecological impacts of the North Sea Norway pout fishery?

AU - Bigné, Matthieu

AU - Nielsen, J. Rasmus

AU - Bastardie, Francois

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The small-mesh Norway pout (Trisopterus esmarkii) fishery intensified in the northern North Sea during the 1970s. Concerns about juvenile gadoid bycatch led to the “Norway pout box” closure along the Scottish coast in 1977. To assess the justification of the box today and the potential current impacts of opening the box, we evaluate the closure effects on selected fish stocks by analysing high-resolution research survey and commercial fishery data. The species- and size-specific distribution patterns in relation to environmental influencing factors are analysed for Norway pout and important bycatch species inside and outside the box. Relative distribution of benthic habitats is compared between inside–outside areas according to fish occurrence and fishery spatial footprint. No area differences in fish size composition are observed. However, species abundance depends significantly on habitat and depth whose area distribution is not homogenous. The current fishery is mainly in deeper, muddy seabeds. Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus) density is higher in shallow and sandy habitats, with a relatively larger area coverage inside the box. If a box opening implies relatively more fishery in those habitats, then increased bycatch can be expected. Consequently, closure of certain benthic habitats may instead be better management, opening new fishing opportunities without risk.

AB - The small-mesh Norway pout (Trisopterus esmarkii) fishery intensified in the northern North Sea during the 1970s. Concerns about juvenile gadoid bycatch led to the “Norway pout box” closure along the Scottish coast in 1977. To assess the justification of the box today and the potential current impacts of opening the box, we evaluate the closure effects on selected fish stocks by analysing high-resolution research survey and commercial fishery data. The species- and size-specific distribution patterns in relation to environmental influencing factors are analysed for Norway pout and important bycatch species inside and outside the box. Relative distribution of benthic habitats is compared between inside–outside areas according to fish occurrence and fishery spatial footprint. No area differences in fish size composition are observed. However, species abundance depends significantly on habitat and depth whose area distribution is not homogenous. The current fishery is mainly in deeper, muddy seabeds. Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus) density is higher in shallow and sandy habitats, with a relatively larger area coverage inside the box. If a box opening implies relatively more fishery in those habitats, then increased bycatch can be expected. Consequently, closure of certain benthic habitats may instead be better management, opening new fishing opportunities without risk.

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KW - Sensitive benthic habitats

KW - Spatial fishing closure

KW - Technical management measures

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