Online Monitoring of Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessels (COPV)

Gilmar Ferreira Pereira, Joana Figueiredo, Hugo Faria, António T. Marques

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Abstract

Composite overwrapped pressure vessels (COPV) have been increasingly pointed to as the most effective solution for high pressure storage of liquid and gaseous fluids. Reasonably high stiffness-to-weight ratios make them suitable for both static and mobile applications. However, higher operating pressures are sought continuously, to get higher energy densities in such storage systems, and safety aspects become critical. Thus, reliable design and test procedures are required to reduce the risks of undesired and unpredicted failures. An in-service health monitoring system may contribute to a better product development, design and optimization, as well as to minimize the risks and improve the public acceptance. Within the scope of developing different COPV models for a wide range of operating pressures and applications, optical fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors were embedded in the liner-composite and composite-composite interfaces during their manufacturing processes. The idea is to allow the online strain monitoring during preliminary testing and service-life. The ability of these measuring systems to effectively assess the strain fields has been investigated. Simultaneously, a finite element analysis (FEA) was made using the ABAQUS® platform. In this numerical analysis, accurate and realistic simulation of the different materials, geometry and loading conditions was approached. Particularly, the anisotropic nature of the wound laminate and the varying orientation of the fibers were attained. However, the cohesive zones were not attributed independent properties. Comparison between experimental and numerical data was addressed. In general, although the experimental-numerical data agreement was not as good as desired, a preliminary insight to both the structural health monitoring (SHM) system and the numerical modeling approaches was actually achieved. Full characterization and validation shall be further addressed in the continuation of the present work.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 7th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Smart Structures and Materials
EditorsA.L. Araujo, C.A. Mota Soares
Number of pages10
PublisherIDMEC
Publication date2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event7th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Smart Structures and Materials - Ponta Delgada, Portugal
Duration: 3 Jun 20156 Jun 2015
Conference number: 7
http://www.dem.ist.utl.pt/smart2015/

Conference

Conference7th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Smart Structures and Materials
Number7
CountryPortugal
CityPonta Delgada
Period03/06/201506/06/2015
Internet address

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