Flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) of Bi(III)-and Mo(VI)-2-ethylhexanoate dissolved in xylene resulted in various nanocrystalline bismuth molybdate phases depending on the Bi/Mo ratio. Besides alpha-Bi2Mo3O12 and gamma-Bi2MoO6, FSP gave direct access to the metastable beta-Bi2Mo2O9 phase with high surface area (19 m(2) g(-1)). This phase is normally only obtained at high calcination temperatures (>560 degrees C) resulting in lower surface areas. The beta-phase was stable up to 400 degrees C and showed superior catalytic performance compared to alpha- and gamma-phases in selective oxidation of propylene to acrolein at temperatures relevant for industrial applications (360 degrees C).
Schuh, K., Kleist, W., Høj, M., Trouillet, V., Jensen, A. D., & Grunwaldt, J. -D. (2014). One-step synthesis of bismuth molybdate catalysts via flame spray pyrolysis for the selective oxidation of propylene to acrolein. Chemical Communications, 50(97), 15404-15406. https://doi.org/10.1039/c4cc07527g