One-dimensional modelling of limit-cycle oscillation and H-mode power scaling

Xingquan Wu, Guosheng Xu, Baonian Wan, Jens Juul Rasmussen, Volker Naulin, Anders Henry Nielsen

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To understand the connection between the dynamics of microscopic turbulence and the macroscale power scaling in the L-I-H transition in magnetically confined plasmas, a new time-dependent, one-dimensional (in radius) model has been developed. The model investigates the radial force balance equation at the edge region of the plasma and applies the quenching effect of turbulence via the E x B flow shear rate exceeding the shear suppression threshold. By slightly ramping up the heating power, the spatio-temporal evolution of turbulence intensity, density and pressure profiles, poloidal flow and E x B flow selfconsistently displays the L-H transition with an intermediate phase (I-phase) characterized by limit-cycle oscillations. Since the poloidal flow is partially damped to the neoclassical flow in the edge region, the numerical results reveal two different oscillation relationships between the E x B flow and the turbulence intensity depending on which oscillation of the diamagnetic flow or poloidal flow is dominant. Specifically, by including the effects of boundary conditions of density and temperature, the model results in a linear dependence of the H-mode access power on the density and magnetic field. These results imply that the microscopic turbulence dynamics and the macroscale power scaling for the L-H transition are strongly connected.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)053029
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • L-H transition
  • Power threshold scaling
  • Limit-cycle oscillation
  • E x B flow shear


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