On the spatial and temporal resolution of land cover products for applied use in wind resource mapping

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Abstract

The suitability of Copernicus Global Land Service products for wind assessment is investigated using two approaches. In the first approach the CORINE land cover database and the pan-European highresolution products were considered as input to atmospheric flow models. The CORINE data were used as input for modelling the wind conditions over a Danish near-coastal region. The flow model results were compared to alternative use of USGS land cover. Significant variations in the wind speed were found between the two atmospheric flow model results. Furthermore the wind speed from the flow model was compared to meteorological observations taken in a tall mast and from ground based remote-sensing wind profiling lidars. It is shown that simulations using CORINE provide better wind flow results close to the surface as compared to those using USGS on the investigated site. The next step towards improvement of flow model inputs is to investigate in further detail applied use of satellite maps in forested areas. 75% of new land-based wind farms are planned in or near forests in Europe. In forested areas the near surface atmospheric flow is more challenging to calculate than in regions with low vegetation because the tall vegetation to a high degree influences the atmospheric flow. Also in many forests the variation in forest plant structure is high. The forest structure depends on the tree height, the tree density, the existence of clearings, the types of leafs and branches and their structure. So the method of assigning one typical roughness length for land cover type ‘forest’ is at many sites not sufficient. This method assumes that all land cover classes can be represented with one value each. In our second approach, we look at a forested area in Northern Denmark, where an aerial lidar data observing terrain height, tree height and derived plant parameters provided a novel input for atmospheric flow modelling in forested areas. The flow model results were compared to horizontally scanning wind lidar observations and the results are very promising. Since, aerial lidar data are not available everywhere, we discuss the possibility of using similar Copernicus Global Land Service products as input to the flow model.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventWorldCover 2017 - Rome, Italy
Duration: 14 Mar 201716 Mar 2017
http://worldcover2017.esa.int/

Conference

ConferenceWorldCover 2017
CountryItaly
CityRome
Period14/03/201716/03/2017
Internet address

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