On the Robustness and Scalability of SemidefiniteRelaxation for Optimal Power Flow Problems

Anders Eltved*, Joachim Dahl, Martin Skovgaard Andersen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Semidefinite relaxation techniques have shown great promise for nonconvex optimal power flow problems. However, a number of independent numerical experiments have led to concerns about scalability and robustness of existing SDP solvers. To address these concerns, we investigate some numerical aspects of the problem and compare different state-of-the-art solvers. Our results demonstrate that semidefinite relaxations of large problem instances with on the order of 10,000 buses can be solved reliably and to reasonable accuracy within minutes. Furthermore, the semidefinite relaxation of a test case with 25,000 buses can be solved reliably within half an hour; the largest test case with 82,000 buses is solved within 8 h. We also compare the lower bound obtained via semidefinite relaxation to locally optimal solutions obtained with nonlinear optimization methods and calculate the optimality gap.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOptimization and Engineering
Pages (from-to)1–18
ISSN1389-4420
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • AC optimal power flow
  • Semidefinite relaxation
  • Optimization
  • Numerical analysis

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