On the Performance of Thin-Walled Crash Boxes Joined by Forming

Diogo F. M. Silva , Carlos M.A. Silva, Ivo M. F. Bragança , Chris V. Nielsen, Luis M. Alves, Paulo A.F. Martins*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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A new joining by forming process that combines lancing and shearing with sheet-bulk compression is utilized to assemble thin-walled crash boxes utilized as energy absorbers. Process design and fabrication of the new crash boxes are analyzed by finite elements and experimentation. Axial crush tests were performed to compare the overall crashworthiness performance of the new crash boxes against that of conventional crash boxes assembled by resistance spot-welding. Results show that the joining process is a good alternative to resistance spot-welding because the new crash boxes can absorb the same crushing energy, and because the new process helps to overcome typical manufacturing problems of welding.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1118
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).


  • Crash boxes
  • Joining by forming
  • Resistance spot-welding
  • crashworthiness

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