On the interference between the two microphones in free-field reciprocity calibration

Salvador Barrera Figueroa, Knud Rasmussen, Finn Jacobsen, Lorenzo Muñíc

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One of the fundamental assumptions in free-field reciprocity calibration of microphones is that the microphones can be substituted by point sources at the positions where the acoustic centers are located. However, in practice the microphones have finite dimensions and, at the distance and in the frequency range where the measurements are made, the direct wave and the subsequent reflections from the microphones interfere with each other, creating a "standing wave." This interference effect gives rise to deviations from the inverse distance law, indicating that the free-field assumption is not strictly valid. The interference has been thought to be caused by specular reflection between the parallel diaphragms of the microphones, and a solution based on tilting the axis of one of the microphones a few degrees has been proposed, but never examined in practice. In this paper a time-selective technique is applied for analyzing the interference and for removing it in the time domain. It is shown that the phenomenon is due to multiple backscattering rather than specular reflection. Thus tilting one of the microphones does not alleviate the problem, as also demonstrated experimentally. However, the time-selective technique is quite effective in removing the interference effect and other disturbances from the direct wave between the microphones. ©2004 Acoustical Society of America.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAcoustical Society of America. Journal
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)2771-2778
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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Copyright (2004) Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America.


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