Projects per year
Abstract
The present thesis is concerned with the mathematical modelling of a railway vehicle. The modelling does not only deal with the vehicle but also the track it runs on. Different models are described and investigated as to how they affect the dynamics of the vehicle. The bulk of the investigations is focussed on the stability of the vehicle. For this we introduce two stability criteria: the linear critical speed and the nonlinear critical speed. The linear critical speed is the vehicle speed at which the vehicle becomes unstable in a linear analyses, while the nonlinear critical speed is such that no oscillating solutions occur below this vehicle speed. The difference between a linear and a nonlinear analysis is hereby pointed out. The oscillating solutions found are analysed by applying methods from the nonlinear dynamics. By this periodic and chaotic solutions are described, for instance a scenario of a period adding sequence. For the vehicle we use a twocar test vehicle with a prototype of a singleaxle bogie (a socalled KERF bogie). The vehicle is from the Danish State Railways and runs on the Copenhagen network. What is special about this vehicle is that the single axle bogie is steered by a mechanical steering system. Interest is focussed on the singleaxle bogie. For simplification a model of the singleaxle bogie alone is analysed under different modelling conditions. The dynamics of a model of the whole vehicle are investigated on: A) a straight track, B) a curved track, C) a track flexible in the vertical direction, D) a track with irregularities. Among other things, the investigations lead to the understanding of the influence of the stiffness in the steering system. On the irregular track the simulations are compared with corresponding measurements. Furthermore two different models are developed for the track: A simple model of the whole track as one rigid body following each wheelset. An elastic model where the rails are modelled as EulerBernoulli beams discretely supported by rigid sleepers. The simple model is used to find the influence of a flexible track on the dynamics of the singleaxle bogie, while the elastic model is more useful to for example study the effect of changes in flexibility along the track. Finally measurements of the flexibility of tracks are described.
Original language  English 

Place of Publication  Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark 

Publisher  Technical University of Denmark, DTU Informatics, Building 321 
Number of pages  196 
Publication status  Published  1995 
Series  IMMPHD199520 

Fingerprint
Dive into the research topics of 'On the interaction between wheels and rails in railway dynamics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.Projects
 1 Finished

teoretiske dynamiske undersøgelser af samspillet mellem hjul og spor for jernbane køretøjer
Slivsgaard, E. C. & True, H.
Akademiet for de Tekniske Videnskaber
01/02/1993 → 19/12/1995
Project: PhD