On the electrical breakdown of gaseous dielectrics-an engineering approach

Aage Pedersen

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    Following an examination of the basic gas-discharge concepts, the Townsend breakdown criterion is derived for nonuniform fields and a reformulation of the streamer criterion is undertaken. A direct application of the Townsend criterion to a practical situation is hardly possible, whereas the streamer criterion leads to applicable criteria for the onset of breakdown in air as well as in strongly electronegative gases. In this approach, a knowledge of the relevant ionization coefficients is not required, because these are replaced by parameters obtained from uniform-field Paschen curve data. In addition, the criteria developed do not contain any arbitrary constants. By introducing the electrode surface mean curvature, it is shown that the calculation of breakdown data for widely different electrode shapes can be addressed through a single formula. It is emphasized that the inherent roughness of practical electrode surface demands that caution be exercised in all design criteria
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)721-739
    Publication statusPublished - 1989

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright: 1989 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE


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