On the contribution of reclaimed wastewater irrigation to the potential exposure of humans to antibiotics, antibiotic resistant bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes - NEREUS COST Action ES1403 position paper

Benjamin Piña*, Josep M. Bayona, Anastasis Christou, Despo Fatta-Kassinos, Emmanuel Guillon, Dimitra Lambropoulou, Costas Michael, Fabio Polesel, Stéphanie Sayen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Antibiotic resistance (AR) is becoming a worldwide threat due to the increasing occurrence of antibiotic-resistant pathogenic bacterial strains. There is a general consensus about the potential implications of the use of antibiotics in livestock on the onset of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB), mainly through meat consumption. However, the ever-increasing use of reclaimed wastewater (RWW) in agriculture may also contribute significantly to the non-accounted exposure to antibiotics, ARB, and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). This position paper aims at evaluating the current knowledge concerning the occurrence of antibiotics, ARBs, and ARGs in edible parts of different common crops irrigated with RWW. We will discuss which regulations on the use of RWW may contribute to the minimization of the prevalence of these contaminants in crops, and provide recommendations on how to minimize the impact of these practices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102131
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Volume8
Issue number1
Number of pages4
ISSN2213-3437
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Antibiotics
  • Plant physiology
  • Reclaimed wastewater
  • Risk assessment
  • Wastewater treatment and reuse

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