This paper presents an investigation and discussion of the accuracy and applicability of an implicit Taylor (IT) method versus the classical higher-order spectral (HOS) method when used to simulate two-dimensional regular waves. This comparison is relevant, because the HOS method is in fact an explicit perturbation solution of the IT formulation. First, we consider the Dirichlet–Neumann problem of determining the vertical velocity at the free surface given the surface elevation and the surface potential. For this problem, we conclude that the IT method is significantly more accurate than the HOS method when using the same truncation order, M, and spatial resolution, N, and is capable of dealing with steeper waves than the HOS method. Second, we focus on the problem of integrating the two methods in time. In this connection, it turns out that the IT method is less robust than the HOS method for similar truncation orders. We conclude that the IT method should be restricted to M = 4, while the HOS method can be used with M ≤ 8. We systematically compare these two options and finally establish the best achievable accuracy of the two methods as a function of the wave steepness and the water depth.
|Journal||Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences|
|Number of pages||27|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
- Nonlinear water waves
- Spectral methods
- Range of applicability