On pion mass and decay constant from theory

Ole L. Trinhammer*, Henrik G. Bohr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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We calculate the pion mass from Goldstone modes in the Higgs mechanism related to the neutron decay. The Goldstone pion modes acquire mass by a vacuum misalignment of the Higgs field. The size of the misalignment is controlled by the ratio between the electronic and the nucleonic energy scales. The nucleonic energy scale is involved in the neutron to proton transformation and the electronic scale is involved in the related creation of the electronic state in the course of the electroweak neutron decay. The respective scales influence the mapping of the intrinsic configuration spaces used in our description. The configuration spaces are the Lie groups U(3) for the nucleonic sector and U(2) for the electronic sector. These spaces are both compact and lead to periodic potentials in the Hamiltonians in coordinate space. The periodicity and strengths of these potentials control the vacuum misalignment and lead to a pion mass of 135.2(1.5) MeV with an uncertainty mainly from the fine structure coupling at pionic energies. The pion decay constant 92 MeV results from comparing the fourth-order self-coupling in an effective pion field theory with the corresponding fourth-order term in the Higgs potential. We suggest analogies with the Goldberger-Treiman relation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number21004
Issue number2
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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