On grain-size-dependent void swelling in pure copper irradiated with fission neutrons

Bachu Narain Singh, Morten Mostgaard Eldrup, S.J. Zinkle, S.I. Golubov

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The effect of grain size on void swelling has its origin in the intrinsic property of grain boundaries as neutral and unsaturable sinks for both vacancies and self-interstitial atoms. The phenomenon had already been investigated in the 1970s and it was demonstrated that the grain-size-dependent void swelling measured under irradiation producing only Frenkel pairs could be satisfactorily explained in terms of the standard rate theory (SRT) and dislocation bias. Experimental results reported in the 1980s demonstrated, on the other hand, that the effect of grain boundaries on void swelling under cascade damage conditions was radically different and could not be explained in terms of the SRT. In an effort to understand the source of this significant difference, the effect of grain size on void swelling under cascade damage conditions has been investigated both experimentally and theoretically in pure copper irradiated with fission neutrons at 623 K to a dose level of about 0.3 displacement per atom. The post-irradiation defect microstructure including voids was investigated using transmission electron microscopy and positron annihilation spectroscopy. The evolution of void swelling was calculated within the framework of the production bias model (PBM) and the SRT. The grain-size-dependent void swelling measured experimentally is in good accord with the theoretical results obtained using the PBM. The implications of these results on the modelling of void swelling under cascade damage conditions are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPhilosophical magazine. A. Physics of condensed matter. Defects and mechanical properties
    Volume82
    Issue number6
    Pages (from-to)1137-1158
    ISSN0141-8610
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

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