On CO2 corrosion resistance of low carbon steels in the formation water chemistry: The impact of Cr content as an alloying element

Kapil Kumar Gupta*, Saber Haratian, Rajan Ambat

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review


One of the major causes of pipeline failure in the oil and gas industry is CO2 corrosion and scaling in production steel wells. Generally speaking, the addition of Cr as a constituent alloying element in steels is known to improve their corrosion resistance when subjected to aqueous condition. However, adding alloying elements in high quantities increases the material's cost, making it unsuitable for low-yield fields. Thus, it is proposed that a particular quantity of Cr could be added to the low-alloy steel for enhancing its corrosion resistance and making it more cost-effective. During the last few decades, researchers studied the effect of Cr on CO2 corrosion behavior of mild steel and how Cr enrichment in the corrosion products may influence the protectiveness of the underlying material. However, limited investigations have been focused on determining the impact of Cr on corrosion behavior of steels in CO2-saturated environments comparable with realistic conditions, such as formation water chemistry containing Ca2+ ions.
The goal of this research is to comprehensively understand the effect of Cr as an alloying element on CO2 corrosion behavior and scaling of low-alloy steels. Conventional L80 steels with various content of Cr were electrochemically subjected to CO2-saturated simulated formation water chemistry. DC polarization and AC impedance techniques were used to assess the steels' electrochemical and corrosion behavior. The results of characterization of the corrosion scale obtained by employing ex-situ high-resolution electron microscopy and X-ray Diffraction applied on the so-called “end-product” are presented. Furthermore, the results of the X-ray (micro-) computed tomography for determining the mode of corrosion by evaluating the surface of the material underneath of the corrosion scale and visualizing the scale morphology in 3D are thoroughly discussed in relation to the CO2-electrochemical response of steels with different content of Cr.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2022
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event18th Nordic Corrosion Congress - Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland
Duration: 31 May 20222 Jun 2022


Conference18th Nordic Corrosion Congress
LocationÅbo Akademi University


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