Offshore Wind Farms

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The technology behind constructing wind farms offshore began to develop in 1991 when the Vindeby wind farm was installed off the Danish coast (11 Bonus 450 kW turbines). Resource assessment, grid connection, and wind farm operation are significant challenges for offshore wind power just as it is for the more traditional onshore wind power, which has been under development since the 1970s. However, offshore projects face extra technical challenges some of which requires in-depth scientific investigations. This article deals with some of the most outstanding challenges concerning the turbine structure: the rotor, the nacelle, the tower, and the foundation. Further the determinations of the essential environmental conditions are treated: the wind field, the wave field, the sea current, and the soil conditions. The various options for grid connections, advantages, and disadvantages are discussed. Of special concern are the problems associated with locating the turbines close together in a wind farm and the problems of placing several large wind farms in a confined area. The environmental impacts of offshore wind farms are also treated, but not the supply chain, that is, the harbors, the installation vessels, the O&M ships, and the communication and maintenance challenges.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clean Energy Systems
EditorsJinyue Yan
Number of pages48
PublisherWiley
Publication date2015
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-118-38858-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Wind Conditions
  • Environmental conditions
  • Wind resources
  • Design loads
  • Wave conditions
  • Soil conditions
  • Aerodynamics
  • Wakes
  • Power system
  • Economics

Cite this

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title = "Offshore Wind Farms",
abstract = "The technology behind constructing wind farms offshore began to develop in 1991 when the Vindeby wind farm was installed off the Danish coast (11 Bonus 450 kW turbines). Resource assessment, grid connection, and wind farm operation are significant challenges for offshore wind power just as it is for the more traditional onshore wind power, which has been under development since the 1970s. However, offshore projects face extra technical challenges some of which requires in-depth scientific investigations. This article deals with some of the most outstanding challenges concerning the turbine structure: the rotor, the nacelle, the tower, and the foundation. Further the determinations of the essential environmental conditions are treated: the wind field, the wave field, the sea current, and the soil conditions. The various options for grid connections, advantages, and disadvantages are discussed. Of special concern are the problems associated with locating the turbines close together in a wind farm and the problems of placing several large wind farms in a confined area. The environmental impacts of offshore wind farms are also treated, but not the supply chain, that is, the harbors, the installation vessels, the O&M ships, and the communication and maintenance challenges.",
keywords = "Wind Conditions, Environmental conditions, Wind resources, Design loads, Wave conditions, Soil conditions, Aerodynamics, Wakes, Power system, Economics",
author = "{Lundtang Petersen}, Erik and Hasager, {Charlotte Bay} and Michael Courtney and Anand Natarajan and Larsen, {Torben J.} and Henrik Bredmose and Larsen, {Gunner Chr.} and S{\o}rensen, {Poul Ejnar} and Cutululis, {Nicolaos Antonio} and Niels-Erik Clausen",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1002/9781118991978.hces080",
language = "English",
editor = "Yan, {Jinyue }",
booktitle = "Handbook of Clean Energy Systems",
publisher = "Wiley",

}

Offshore Wind Farms. / Lundtang Petersen, Erik; Hasager, Charlotte Bay; Courtney, Michael; Natarajan, Anand; Larsen, Torben J.; Bredmose, Henrik; Larsen, Gunner Chr.; Sørensen, Poul Ejnar; Cutululis, Nicolaos Antonio; Clausen, Niels-Erik.

Handbook of Clean Energy Systems. ed. / Jinyue Yan. Wiley, 2015.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Offshore Wind Farms

AU - Lundtang Petersen, Erik

AU - Hasager, Charlotte Bay

AU - Courtney, Michael

AU - Natarajan, Anand

AU - Larsen, Torben J.

AU - Bredmose, Henrik

AU - Larsen, Gunner Chr.

AU - Sørensen, Poul Ejnar

AU - Cutululis, Nicolaos Antonio

AU - Clausen, Niels-Erik

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The technology behind constructing wind farms offshore began to develop in 1991 when the Vindeby wind farm was installed off the Danish coast (11 Bonus 450 kW turbines). Resource assessment, grid connection, and wind farm operation are significant challenges for offshore wind power just as it is for the more traditional onshore wind power, which has been under development since the 1970s. However, offshore projects face extra technical challenges some of which requires in-depth scientific investigations. This article deals with some of the most outstanding challenges concerning the turbine structure: the rotor, the nacelle, the tower, and the foundation. Further the determinations of the essential environmental conditions are treated: the wind field, the wave field, the sea current, and the soil conditions. The various options for grid connections, advantages, and disadvantages are discussed. Of special concern are the problems associated with locating the turbines close together in a wind farm and the problems of placing several large wind farms in a confined area. The environmental impacts of offshore wind farms are also treated, but not the supply chain, that is, the harbors, the installation vessels, the O&M ships, and the communication and maintenance challenges.

AB - The technology behind constructing wind farms offshore began to develop in 1991 when the Vindeby wind farm was installed off the Danish coast (11 Bonus 450 kW turbines). Resource assessment, grid connection, and wind farm operation are significant challenges for offshore wind power just as it is for the more traditional onshore wind power, which has been under development since the 1970s. However, offshore projects face extra technical challenges some of which requires in-depth scientific investigations. This article deals with some of the most outstanding challenges concerning the turbine structure: the rotor, the nacelle, the tower, and the foundation. Further the determinations of the essential environmental conditions are treated: the wind field, the wave field, the sea current, and the soil conditions. The various options for grid connections, advantages, and disadvantages are discussed. Of special concern are the problems associated with locating the turbines close together in a wind farm and the problems of placing several large wind farms in a confined area. The environmental impacts of offshore wind farms are also treated, but not the supply chain, that is, the harbors, the installation vessels, the O&M ships, and the communication and maintenance challenges.

KW - Wind Conditions

KW - Environmental conditions

KW - Wind resources

KW - Design loads

KW - Wave conditions

KW - Soil conditions

KW - Aerodynamics

KW - Wakes

KW - Power system

KW - Economics

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M3 - Book chapter

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A2 - Yan, Jinyue

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ER -