NuSTAR Observations of X-ray Bursts from the Magnetar 1E 1048.1-5937

Hongjun An, Victoria M. Kaspi, Andrei M. Beloborodov, Chryssa Kouveliotou, Robert F. Archibald, Steven E. Boggs, Finn Erland Christensen, William Craig, Eric V. Gotthelf, Brian W. Grefenstette, Charles J. Hailey, Fiona A. Harrison, Kristin K. Madsen, Kaya Mori, Daniel Stern, William Zhang

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    378 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    We report the detection of eight bright X-ray bursts from the 6.5 s magnetar 1E 1048.1–5937, during a 2013 July observation campaign with the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array. We study the morphological and spectral properties of these bursts and their evolution with time. The bursts resulted in count rate increases by orders of magnitude, sometimes limited by the detector dead time, and showed blackbody spectra with kT ~ 6-8 keV in the T 90 duration of 1-4 s, similar to earlier bursts detected from the source. We find that the spectra during the tail of the bursts can be modeled with an absorbed blackbody with temperature decreasing with flux. The burst flux decays followed a power law of index 0.8-0.9. In the burst tail spectra, we detect a ~13 keV emission feature, similar to those reported in previous bursts from this source as well as from other magnetars observed with the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer. We explore possible origins of the spectral feature such as proton cyclotron emission, which implies a magnetic field strength of B ~ 2 × 1015 G in the emission region. However, the consistency of the energy of the feature in different objects requires further explanation.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume790
    Issue number1
    Number of pages9
    ISSN0004-637X
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Keywords

    • Pulsars: individual (1E 1048.1 − 5937)
    • Stars: magnetars
    • Stars: neutron
    • X-rays: bursts

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'NuSTAR Observations of X-ray Bursts from the Magnetar 1E 1048.1-5937'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this