NuSTAR Observations of the State Transition of Millisecond Pulsar Binary PSR J1023+0038

Shriharsh P. Tendulkar, Chengwei Yang, Hongjun An, Victoria M. Kaspi, Anne M. Archibald, Cees Bassa, Eric Bellm, Slavko Bogdanov, Fiona A. Harrison, Jason W. T. Hessels, Gemma H. Janssen, Andrew G. Lyne, Alessandro Patruno, Benjamin Stappers, Daniel Stern, John A. Tomsick, Steven E. Boggs, Deepto Chakrabarty, Finn Erland Christensen, William W. CraigCharles A. Hailey, William Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We report NuSTAR observations of the millisecond pulsar - low mass X-ray binary (LMXB) transition system PSR J1023+0038 from June and October 2013, before and after the formation of an accretion disk around the neutron star. Between June 10-12, a few days to two weeks before the radio disappearance of the pulsar, the 3-79 keV X-ray spectrum was well fit by a simple power law with a photon index of Gamma=1.17 +/-0.08 (at 90% confidence) with a 3-79 keV luminosity of 7.4+/-0.4 x 10^32 erg/s. Significant orbital modulation was observed with a modulation fraction of 36+/-10%. During the October 19-21 observation, the spectrum is described by a softer power law (Gamma=1.66+/-0.06) with an average luminosity of 5.8+/-0.2 x 10^33 erg/s and a peak luminosity of ~1.2 x 10^34 erg/s observed during a flare. No significant orbital modulation was detected. The spectral observations are consistent with previous and current multi-wavelength observations and show the hard X-ray power law extending to 79 keV without a spectral break. Sharp edged, flat bottomed `dips' are observed with widths between 30-1000 s and ingress and egress time-scales of 30-60 s. No change in hardness ratio was observed during the dips. Consecutive dip separations are log-normal in distribution with a typical separation of approximately 400 s. These dips are distinct from dipping activity observed in LMXBs. We compare and contrast these dips to observations of dips and state changes in the similar transition systems PSR J1824-2452I and XSS J1227.0-4859 and discuss possible interpretations based on the transitions in the inner disk.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberarXiv:1406.7009v1
JournalarXiv:1406.7009
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • pulsars: general
  • pulsars: individual (PSR J1023+0038)
  • stars: neutron
  • X-rays: stars

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