Numerical simulation of scour and backfilling processes around a circular pile in waves

Cüneyt Baykal, B. Mutlu Sumer, David R. Fuhrman, Niels Gjøl Jacobsen, Jørgen Fredsøe

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Abstract

This study continues the investigation of flow and scour around a vertical pile, reported by Roulund et al.(2005). Flow and scour/backfilling around a vertical pile exposed to waves are investigated by using a threedimensionalnumerical model based on incompressible Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes equations. The modelincorporates (1) k-ω turbulence closure, (2) vortex shedding processes, (3) sediment transport (both bed andsuspended load), as well as (4) bed morphology. The numerical simulations are carried out for a selected set oftest conditions of the laboratory experiments of Sumer et al. (1997, 2013a), and the numerical results arecompared with those of the latter experiments. The simulations are carried out for two kinds of beds: rigid bed,and sediment bed. The rigid-bed simulations indicate that the vortex shedding for waves around the pile occursin a “one-cell” fashion with a uniform shedding frequency over the height of the cylinder, unlike the case forsteady current where a two-cell structure prevails. The rigid-bed simulations further show that the horseshoevortex flow also undergoes substantial changes in waves. The amplification of the bed shear stress around thepile (including the areas under the horseshoe vortex and the lee wake region) is obtained for various values ofthe Keulegan-Carpenter number, the principal parameter governing the flow around the pile in waves. Thepresent model incorporated with the morphology component is applied to several scenarios of scour andbackfilling around a pile exposed to waves. In the backfilling simulations, the initial scour hole is generatedeither by a steady current or by waves. The present simulations indicate that the scour and backfilling in wavesare solely governed by the lee-wake flow, in agreement with observations. The numerical model has provensuccessful in predicting the backfilling of scour holes exposed to waves. The results of the numerical testsindicate that the equilibrium depth of scour holes is the same for both the scour and the backfilling for a givenKeulegan-Carpenter number, in full agreement with observations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCoastal engineering
Volume122
Pages (from-to)87-107
ISSN0378-3839
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Scour
  • Backfilling
  • Monopile
  • Sediment transport
  • Morphology
  • Waves
  • Oscillatory flow
  • Turbulence modeling

Cite this

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title = "Numerical simulation of scour and backfilling processes around a circular pile in waves",
abstract = "This study continues the investigation of flow and scour around a vertical pile, reported by Roulund et al.(2005). Flow and scour/backfilling around a vertical pile exposed to waves are investigated by using a threedimensionalnumerical model based on incompressible Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes equations. The modelincorporates (1) k-ω turbulence closure, (2) vortex shedding processes, (3) sediment transport (both bed andsuspended load), as well as (4) bed morphology. The numerical simulations are carried out for a selected set oftest conditions of the laboratory experiments of Sumer et al. (1997, 2013a), and the numerical results arecompared with those of the latter experiments. The simulations are carried out for two kinds of beds: rigid bed,and sediment bed. The rigid-bed simulations indicate that the vortex shedding for waves around the pile occursin a “one-cell” fashion with a uniform shedding frequency over the height of the cylinder, unlike the case forsteady current where a two-cell structure prevails. The rigid-bed simulations further show that the horseshoevortex flow also undergoes substantial changes in waves. The amplification of the bed shear stress around thepile (including the areas under the horseshoe vortex and the lee wake region) is obtained for various values ofthe Keulegan-Carpenter number, the principal parameter governing the flow around the pile in waves. Thepresent model incorporated with the morphology component is applied to several scenarios of scour andbackfilling around a pile exposed to waves. In the backfilling simulations, the initial scour hole is generatedeither by a steady current or by waves. The present simulations indicate that the scour and backfilling in wavesare solely governed by the lee-wake flow, in agreement with observations. The numerical model has provensuccessful in predicting the backfilling of scour holes exposed to waves. The results of the numerical testsindicate that the equilibrium depth of scour holes is the same for both the scour and the backfilling for a givenKeulegan-Carpenter number, in full agreement with observations.",
keywords = "Scour, Backfilling, Monopile, Sediment transport, Morphology, Waves, Oscillatory flow, Turbulence modeling",
author = "C{\"u}neyt Baykal and Sumer, {B. Mutlu} and Fuhrman, {David R.} and Jacobsen, {Niels Gj{\o}l} and J{\o}rgen Freds{\o}e",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.coastaleng.2017.01.004",
language = "English",
volume = "122",
pages = "87--107",
journal = "Coastal Engineering",
issn = "0378-3839",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Numerical simulation of scour and backfilling processes around a circular pile in waves. / Baykal, Cüneyt; Sumer, B. Mutlu; Fuhrman, David R.; Jacobsen, Niels Gjøl; Fredsøe, Jørgen.

In: Coastal engineering, Vol. 122, 2017, p. 87-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Numerical simulation of scour and backfilling processes around a circular pile in waves

AU - Baykal, Cüneyt

AU - Sumer, B. Mutlu

AU - Fuhrman, David R.

AU - Jacobsen, Niels Gjøl

AU - Fredsøe, Jørgen

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - This study continues the investigation of flow and scour around a vertical pile, reported by Roulund et al.(2005). Flow and scour/backfilling around a vertical pile exposed to waves are investigated by using a threedimensionalnumerical model based on incompressible Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes equations. The modelincorporates (1) k-ω turbulence closure, (2) vortex shedding processes, (3) sediment transport (both bed andsuspended load), as well as (4) bed morphology. The numerical simulations are carried out for a selected set oftest conditions of the laboratory experiments of Sumer et al. (1997, 2013a), and the numerical results arecompared with those of the latter experiments. The simulations are carried out for two kinds of beds: rigid bed,and sediment bed. The rigid-bed simulations indicate that the vortex shedding for waves around the pile occursin a “one-cell” fashion with a uniform shedding frequency over the height of the cylinder, unlike the case forsteady current where a two-cell structure prevails. The rigid-bed simulations further show that the horseshoevortex flow also undergoes substantial changes in waves. The amplification of the bed shear stress around thepile (including the areas under the horseshoe vortex and the lee wake region) is obtained for various values ofthe Keulegan-Carpenter number, the principal parameter governing the flow around the pile in waves. Thepresent model incorporated with the morphology component is applied to several scenarios of scour andbackfilling around a pile exposed to waves. In the backfilling simulations, the initial scour hole is generatedeither by a steady current or by waves. The present simulations indicate that the scour and backfilling in wavesare solely governed by the lee-wake flow, in agreement with observations. The numerical model has provensuccessful in predicting the backfilling of scour holes exposed to waves. The results of the numerical testsindicate that the equilibrium depth of scour holes is the same for both the scour and the backfilling for a givenKeulegan-Carpenter number, in full agreement with observations.

AB - This study continues the investigation of flow and scour around a vertical pile, reported by Roulund et al.(2005). Flow and scour/backfilling around a vertical pile exposed to waves are investigated by using a threedimensionalnumerical model based on incompressible Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes equations. The modelincorporates (1) k-ω turbulence closure, (2) vortex shedding processes, (3) sediment transport (both bed andsuspended load), as well as (4) bed morphology. The numerical simulations are carried out for a selected set oftest conditions of the laboratory experiments of Sumer et al. (1997, 2013a), and the numerical results arecompared with those of the latter experiments. The simulations are carried out for two kinds of beds: rigid bed,and sediment bed. The rigid-bed simulations indicate that the vortex shedding for waves around the pile occursin a “one-cell” fashion with a uniform shedding frequency over the height of the cylinder, unlike the case forsteady current where a two-cell structure prevails. The rigid-bed simulations further show that the horseshoevortex flow also undergoes substantial changes in waves. The amplification of the bed shear stress around thepile (including the areas under the horseshoe vortex and the lee wake region) is obtained for various values ofthe Keulegan-Carpenter number, the principal parameter governing the flow around the pile in waves. Thepresent model incorporated with the morphology component is applied to several scenarios of scour andbackfilling around a pile exposed to waves. In the backfilling simulations, the initial scour hole is generatedeither by a steady current or by waves. The present simulations indicate that the scour and backfilling in wavesare solely governed by the lee-wake flow, in agreement with observations. The numerical model has provensuccessful in predicting the backfilling of scour holes exposed to waves. The results of the numerical testsindicate that the equilibrium depth of scour holes is the same for both the scour and the backfilling for a givenKeulegan-Carpenter number, in full agreement with observations.

KW - Scour

KW - Backfilling

KW - Monopile

KW - Sediment transport

KW - Morphology

KW - Waves

KW - Oscillatory flow

KW - Turbulence modeling

U2 - 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2017.01.004

DO - 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2017.01.004

M3 - Journal article

VL - 122

SP - 87

EP - 107

JO - Coastal Engineering

JF - Coastal Engineering

SN - 0378-3839

ER -