Numerical Modelling of Welding Induced Stresses

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesis – Annual report year: 2003Research

Standard

Numerical Modelling of Welding Induced Stresses. / Hansen, Jan Langkjær.

Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark : Institut for Produktion og Ledelse, DTU, 2003. 180 p.

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesis – Annual report year: 2003Research

Harvard

Hansen, JL 2003, Numerical Modelling of Welding Induced Stresses. Institut for Produktion og Ledelse, DTU, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark.

APA

Hansen, J. L. (2003). Numerical Modelling of Welding Induced Stresses. Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark: Institut for Produktion og Ledelse, DTU.

CBE

Hansen JL 2003. Numerical Modelling of Welding Induced Stresses. Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark: Institut for Produktion og Ledelse, DTU. 180 p.

MLA

Hansen, Jan Langkjær Numerical Modelling of Welding Induced Stresses Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark: Institut for Produktion og Ledelse, DTU. 2003.

Vancouver

Hansen JL. Numerical Modelling of Welding Induced Stresses. Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark: Institut for Produktion og Ledelse, DTU, 2003. 180 p.

Author

Hansen, Jan Langkjær. / Numerical Modelling of Welding Induced Stresses. Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark : Institut for Produktion og Ledelse, DTU, 2003. 180 p.

Bibtex

@phdthesis{d648fe90044d4591ace17982ab41073e,
title = "Numerical Modelling of Welding Induced Stresses",
abstract = "Enormous amounts of welds are made in rather heavy steel sections of a great deal of modern engineering applications. In many cases better tools for calculating the mechanical or structural response of these constructions taking into account the residual stress state from the manufacturing processes (e.g. that of welding), would make cost down initiatives possible. The overall objective of this thesis is to propose a procedure providing useful calculations of residual stresses in welded industrial structures. The welds are restricted to those used in rather heavy sections and the welding processes are limited to conventional arc welding processes, especially submerged arc welding. Two applications are in focus, the first serving as a principal case adequately simple from a technological point-of-view. It consist of two plates, 240 mm x 480 mm with a thickness of 10 mm, butt welded in both one and two passes. The second application is a frame box structure forming part of a large two-stroke diesel engine. It comprises four welds, each welded in four passes and plate thickness varying between 25 mm and 60 mm. A three-dimensional model is presented for the analysis of the butt weld application. Special attention is paid the influence of the initial stress state before welding, that is, the residual stress state after preparation of the plates by flame cutting. The generalized plane strain assumption is applied the model for analysing the frame box application. The model is used as an approach to estimate the fatigue strength of the as-welded structure compared to a stress relieved/free structure.Thermo-couple measurements, neutron diffraction measurements and hole-drillingstrain gauge measurements are utilized to thoroughly verify the numericalmodelling. Extensive laboratory fatigue tests are carried out in connection with theframe box application. An important issue in numerical modelling is to decide which effects, as minimum,must be included to adequately obtain the goal. Before the applications areconsidered in details, the many complicated and strongly coupled phenomena in themodelling of welds are presented; geometrical considerations are described;numerical methods applicable for the solution of physical problems as that ofsimulating the welding process are presented; the governing equations for thethermo-mechanical analysis are outlined; the boundary conditions and materialmodelling are treated for the thermo-mechanical analysis; and finally, the key taskof modelling the moving heat source is discussed.",
keywords = "Numerical modelling, Welding, Moving heat source, Weld filler/deposit, Flame cutting, Material modelling, Residual stresses, Fatigue assessment, Temperature measurements, Neutron diffraction measurements, Hole drilling strain gauge method, ABAQUS, Process modelling",
author = "Hansen, {Jan Langkj{\ae}r}",
year = "2003",
language = "English",
isbn = "87-90855-52-3",
publisher = "Institut for Produktion og Ledelse, DTU",

}

RIS

TY - BOOK

T1 - Numerical Modelling of Welding Induced Stresses

AU - Hansen, Jan Langkjær

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - Enormous amounts of welds are made in rather heavy steel sections of a great deal of modern engineering applications. In many cases better tools for calculating the mechanical or structural response of these constructions taking into account the residual stress state from the manufacturing processes (e.g. that of welding), would make cost down initiatives possible. The overall objective of this thesis is to propose a procedure providing useful calculations of residual stresses in welded industrial structures. The welds are restricted to those used in rather heavy sections and the welding processes are limited to conventional arc welding processes, especially submerged arc welding. Two applications are in focus, the first serving as a principal case adequately simple from a technological point-of-view. It consist of two plates, 240 mm x 480 mm with a thickness of 10 mm, butt welded in both one and two passes. The second application is a frame box structure forming part of a large two-stroke diesel engine. It comprises four welds, each welded in four passes and plate thickness varying between 25 mm and 60 mm. A three-dimensional model is presented for the analysis of the butt weld application. Special attention is paid the influence of the initial stress state before welding, that is, the residual stress state after preparation of the plates by flame cutting. The generalized plane strain assumption is applied the model for analysing the frame box application. The model is used as an approach to estimate the fatigue strength of the as-welded structure compared to a stress relieved/free structure.Thermo-couple measurements, neutron diffraction measurements and hole-drillingstrain gauge measurements are utilized to thoroughly verify the numericalmodelling. Extensive laboratory fatigue tests are carried out in connection with theframe box application. An important issue in numerical modelling is to decide which effects, as minimum,must be included to adequately obtain the goal. Before the applications areconsidered in details, the many complicated and strongly coupled phenomena in themodelling of welds are presented; geometrical considerations are described;numerical methods applicable for the solution of physical problems as that ofsimulating the welding process are presented; the governing equations for thethermo-mechanical analysis are outlined; the boundary conditions and materialmodelling are treated for the thermo-mechanical analysis; and finally, the key taskof modelling the moving heat source is discussed.

AB - Enormous amounts of welds are made in rather heavy steel sections of a great deal of modern engineering applications. In many cases better tools for calculating the mechanical or structural response of these constructions taking into account the residual stress state from the manufacturing processes (e.g. that of welding), would make cost down initiatives possible. The overall objective of this thesis is to propose a procedure providing useful calculations of residual stresses in welded industrial structures. The welds are restricted to those used in rather heavy sections and the welding processes are limited to conventional arc welding processes, especially submerged arc welding. Two applications are in focus, the first serving as a principal case adequately simple from a technological point-of-view. It consist of two plates, 240 mm x 480 mm with a thickness of 10 mm, butt welded in both one and two passes. The second application is a frame box structure forming part of a large two-stroke diesel engine. It comprises four welds, each welded in four passes and plate thickness varying between 25 mm and 60 mm. A three-dimensional model is presented for the analysis of the butt weld application. Special attention is paid the influence of the initial stress state before welding, that is, the residual stress state after preparation of the plates by flame cutting. The generalized plane strain assumption is applied the model for analysing the frame box application. The model is used as an approach to estimate the fatigue strength of the as-welded structure compared to a stress relieved/free structure.Thermo-couple measurements, neutron diffraction measurements and hole-drillingstrain gauge measurements are utilized to thoroughly verify the numericalmodelling. Extensive laboratory fatigue tests are carried out in connection with theframe box application. An important issue in numerical modelling is to decide which effects, as minimum,must be included to adequately obtain the goal. Before the applications areconsidered in details, the many complicated and strongly coupled phenomena in themodelling of welds are presented; geometrical considerations are described;numerical methods applicable for the solution of physical problems as that ofsimulating the welding process are presented; the governing equations for thethermo-mechanical analysis are outlined; the boundary conditions and materialmodelling are treated for the thermo-mechanical analysis; and finally, the key taskof modelling the moving heat source is discussed.

KW - Numerical modelling

KW - Welding

KW - Moving heat source

KW - Weld filler/deposit

KW - Flame cutting

KW - Material modelling

KW - Residual stresses

KW - Fatigue assessment

KW - Temperature measurements

KW - Neutron diffraction measurements

KW - Hole drilling strain gauge method

KW - ABAQUS

KW - Process modelling

M3 - Ph.D. thesis

SN - 87-90855-52-3

BT - Numerical Modelling of Welding Induced Stresses

PB - Institut for Produktion og Ledelse, DTU

CY - Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

ER -