Numerical calculation of backfilling of scour holes

B. Mutlu Sumer, Cüneyt Baykal, David R. Fuhrman, Niels Gjøl Jacobsen, Jørgen Fredsøe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


A fully-coupled hydrodynamic and morphologic CFD model is presented for simulating backfilling processes around structures. The hydrodynamic model is based on Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations, coupled with two-equation k-ω turbulence closure. The sediment transport model consists of separate bed and suspended load descriptions, the latter based on a turbulent diffusion equation coupled with a reference concentration function near the sea bed boundary. Bed morphology is based on the sediment continuity (Exner) equation. The present simulations have utilized continuous morphologic updating in time, both the hydrodynamic and morphologic solutions being advanced with the same time increment. In this way, the simulations illustrate the ability to simulate fully-coupled hydrodynamic and morphologic developments based on continuous feedback. The model has been implemented for two kinds of structures: piles, and pipelines. Initial scour holes are generated by the same model. The numerical results appear to be in accord with the existing experimental information.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationScour and Erosion
EditorsLiang Cheng, Scott Draper, Hongwei An
PublisherCRC Press
Publication date2014
ISBN (Print)978-1-138-02732-9
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event7th International Conference on Scour and Erosion - Scarborough, Perth, Australia
Duration: 2 Dec 20144 Dec 2014
Conference number: 7


Conference7th International Conference on Scour and Erosion
CityScarborough, Perth


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