Novel roles for the AIDA adhesin from diarrheagenic Escherichia coli: Cell aggregation and biofilm formation

Orla Sherlock, Mark Schembri, A. Reisner, Per Klemm

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Diarrhea-causing Escherichia coli strains are responsible for numerous cases of gastrointestinal disease and constitute a serious health problem throughout the world. The ability to recognize and attach to host intestinal surfaces is an essential step in the pathogenesis of such strains. AIDA is a potent bacterial adhesin associated with some diarrheagenic E. coli strains. AIDA mediates bacterial attachment to a broad variety of human and other mammalian cells. It is a surface-displayed autotransporter protein and belongs to the selected group of bacterial glycoproteins; only the glycosylated form binds to mammalian cells. Here, we show that AIDA possesses self-association characteristics and can mediate autoaggregation of E. coli cells. We demonstrate that intercellular AIDA-AIDA interaction is responsible for bacterial autoaggregation. Interestingly, AIDA-expressing cells can interact with antigen 43 (Ag43) -expressing cells, which is indicative of an intercellular AIDA-Ag43 interaction. Additionally, AIDA expression dramatically enhances biofilm formation by E. coli on abiotic surfaces in How chambers.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Bacteriology
    Volume186
    Pages (from-to)8058-8065
    ISSN0021-9193
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

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