Novel Preparation Methods of 52Mn for ImmunoPET Imaging

Stephen A. Graves, Reinier Hernandez, Jesper Fonslet, Christopher G. England, Hector F. Valdovinos, Paul A. Ellison, Todd E. Barnhart, Dennis Ringkjøbing Elema, Charles P. Theuer, Weibo Cai, Robert J. Nickles, Gregory Severin

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    52Mn (t1/2 =5.59 d, ß+ = 29.6%, Eßave = 0.24 MeV) shows promise in positron emission tomography (PET) and in dual-modality manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) applications including neural tractography, stem cell tracking, and biological toxicity studies. The extension to bioconjugate application requires high specific activity 52Mn in a state suitable for macromolecule labeling. To that end a 52Mn production, purification, and labeling system is presented, and its applicability in preclinical, macromolecule PET is shown using the conjugate 52Mn-DOTA-TRC105. 52Mn is produced by 60 µA, 16 MeV proton irradiation of natural chromium metal pressed into a silver disc support. Radiochemical separation proceeds by strong anion exchange chromatography of the dissolved Cr target, employing a semi-organic mobile phase, 97:3 (v:v) ethanol: HCl (11M, aqueous). The method is 62 ± 14% efficient (n=7) in 52Mn recovery, leading to a separation factor from Cr of (1.6 ± 1.0) x106 (n = 4), and an average effective specific activity of 0.8 GBq/µmol (n = 4) in titration against DOTA. 52Mn-DOTA-TRC105 conjugation and labeling demonstrate the potential for chelation applications. In vivo images acquired using PET/CT in mice bearing 4T1 xenograft tumors are presented. Peak tumor uptake is 18.7 ± 2.7 %ID/g at 24 hours post injection and ex vivo 52Mn biodistribution validates the in vivo PET data. Free 52Mn2+(as chloride or acetate) is used as a control in additional mice to evaluate the non-targeted biodistribution in the tumor model.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
    Issue number10
    Pages (from-to)2118–2124
    Publication statusPublished - 2015


    • Positron emission tomography (PET)
    • ImmunoPET
    • Manganese-52 (Mn-52, 52Mn)
    • CD105/Endoglin
    • Tumor angiogenesis
    • TRC105
    • Molecular imaging
    • DOTA chelation
    • Organic anion exchange
    • Trace metal analysis (MP-AES, ICP-OES)


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