Nordic contributions to stochastic methods in hydrology

Dan Rosbjerg*, Kolbjørn Engeland, Eirik Førland, Ali Torabi Haghighi, Ali Danandeh Mehr, Jonas Olsson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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The paper presents prominent Nordic contributions to stochastic methods in hydrology and water resources during the previous 50 years. The development in methods from analysis of stationary and independent hydrological events to include non-stationarity, risk analysis, big data, operational research and climate change impacts is hereby demonstrated. The paper is divided into four main sections covering flood frequency and drought analyses, assessment of rainfall extremes, stochastic approaches to water resources management and approaches to climate change and adaptation efforts. It is intended as a review paper referring to a rich selection of internationally published papers authored by Nordic hydrologists or hydrologists from abroad working in a Nordic country or in cooperation with Nordic hydrologists. Emerging trends in needs and methodologies are highlighted in the conclusions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHydrology Research
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)840-866
Number of pages27
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Climate change impacts
  • Flood and drought frequency
  • Rainfall extremes
  • Water resources management


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