Nonlinearity in Intensity versus Concentration Dependence for the Deep UV Resonance Raman Spectra of Toluene and Heptane

Chuan Liu, Rolf W. Berg

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The relation between Raman scattering, resonance Raman scattering and absorption is reviewed to see to what extent quantitative analysis can be applied in Resonance Raman spectroscopy. In addition to this it is demonstrated experimentally that normal Raman spectra can be dramatically inhibited by absorption and Resonance Raman effects. Raman spectra of toluene and heptane mixtures - with progressively increasing concentrations of heptane - were measured by use of 229 nm excitation. The results show that the characteristic band intensities are not directly proportional to the relative
concentrations of the compounds and deviate due to absorption resonance effects. An approximated mathematical model is developed to demonstrate that the intensities of the normal Raman scattering bands are suppressed. An inhibition coefficient Ki is introduced to describe the situation and determine the penetration depth. Most remarkably it is shown that the intensity of the Resonance Raman Scattering bands can be constant even when the concentration ratios differ substantially in the sampled mixtures.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Spectroscopy Reviews
Volume48
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)425-437
ISSN0570-4928
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Resonance Raman scattering
  • Nonlinearity
  • Quantitative analysis
  • UV Raman
  • Absorption
  • Review

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