The polarization dependence of the ultrafast nonlinear response of localized excitons in GaAs/AlGaAs quantum wells has been investigated by spectrally resolved, transient four-wave mixing. The role of the excitation-induced dephasing in the delay dependence of the signal is discussed in detail. In particular, we show experimentally that the excitation-induced dephasing gives rise to a photon echo in inhomogeneous systems. We develop a simple analytical model for the delay dependence of the signal, which enables us to deduce the dephasing time from the four-wave mixing decay.
|Journal||PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI A-APPLIED RESEARCH|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|