Nonclassical Optical Bistability and Resonance-Locked Regime of Photon- Pair Sources Using Silicon Microring Resonator

Kai Guo*, Lin Yang, Xiaodong Shi, Xuanming Liu, Yining Cao, Jingjing Zhang, Xiaolin Wang, Junbo Yang, Haiyan Ou, Yijun Zhao

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We generate correlated photon pairs in an all-pass silicon microring resonator using continuous-wave pumped spontaneous four-wave mixing and we characterize in detail the optical bistability in the non-classical single-photon regime. Special attention is given to the resonance-locked method by balancing the pump-induced heating and the active off-chip cooling, leading to stable operation of the photon-pair source. The maximal coincidence rate of 20.53 ± 0.34 Hz, maximal coincidence-to-accidental ratio of 654 ± 125, and minimal zero-delayed heralded second-order correlation of 0.14 ± 0.09 are achieved. The wavelengths of photon pairs remain unchanged at different pump power, indicating that our source is more compatible with the common communication systems than those using conventional on-resonance strategies, that tunes the pump wavelength. This work not only experimentally validates the nonclassical bistability behaviors, but also puts forward a simple method of pump-resonance matching for high-quality performance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number034007
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Volume11
Issue number3
Number of pages10
ISSN2331-7019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

Guo, Kai ; Yang, Lin ; Shi, Xiaodong ; Liu, Xuanming ; Cao, Yining ; Zhang, Jingjing ; Wang, Xiaolin ; Yang, Junbo ; Ou, Haiyan ; Zhao, Yijun. / Nonclassical Optical Bistability and Resonance-Locked Regime of Photon- Pair Sources Using Silicon Microring Resonator. In: Physical Review Applied. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 3.
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title = "Nonclassical Optical Bistability and Resonance-Locked Regime of Photon- Pair Sources Using Silicon Microring Resonator",
abstract = "We generate correlated photon pairs in an all-pass silicon microring resonator using continuous-wave pumped spontaneous four-wave mixing and we characterize in detail the optical bistability in the non-classical single-photon regime. Special attention is given to the resonance-locked method by balancing the pump-induced heating and the active off-chip cooling, leading to stable operation of the photon-pair source. The maximal coincidence rate of 20.53 ± 0.34 Hz, maximal coincidence-to-accidental ratio of 654 ± 125, and minimal zero-delayed heralded second-order correlation of 0.14 ± 0.09 are achieved. The wavelengths of photon pairs remain unchanged at different pump power, indicating that our source is more compatible with the common communication systems than those using conventional on-resonance strategies, that tunes the pump wavelength. This work not only experimentally validates the nonclassical bistability behaviors, but also puts forward a simple method of pump-resonance matching for high-quality performance.",
author = "Kai Guo and Lin Yang and Xiaodong Shi and Xuanming Liu and Yining Cao and Jingjing Zhang and Xiaolin Wang and Junbo Yang and Haiyan Ou and Yijun Zhao",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevApplied.11.034007",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Physical Review Applied",
issn = "2331-7019",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
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Nonclassical Optical Bistability and Resonance-Locked Regime of Photon- Pair Sources Using Silicon Microring Resonator. / Guo, Kai; Yang, Lin; Shi, Xiaodong; Liu, Xuanming; Cao, Yining; Zhang, Jingjing; Wang, Xiaolin; Yang, Junbo; Ou, Haiyan; Zhao, Yijun.

In: Physical Review Applied, Vol. 11, No. 3, 034007, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Nonclassical Optical Bistability and Resonance-Locked Regime of Photon- Pair Sources Using Silicon Microring Resonator

AU - Guo, Kai

AU - Yang, Lin

AU - Shi, Xiaodong

AU - Liu, Xuanming

AU - Cao, Yining

AU - Zhang, Jingjing

AU - Wang, Xiaolin

AU - Yang, Junbo

AU - Ou, Haiyan

AU - Zhao, Yijun

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - We generate correlated photon pairs in an all-pass silicon microring resonator using continuous-wave pumped spontaneous four-wave mixing and we characterize in detail the optical bistability in the non-classical single-photon regime. Special attention is given to the resonance-locked method by balancing the pump-induced heating and the active off-chip cooling, leading to stable operation of the photon-pair source. The maximal coincidence rate of 20.53 ± 0.34 Hz, maximal coincidence-to-accidental ratio of 654 ± 125, and minimal zero-delayed heralded second-order correlation of 0.14 ± 0.09 are achieved. The wavelengths of photon pairs remain unchanged at different pump power, indicating that our source is more compatible with the common communication systems than those using conventional on-resonance strategies, that tunes the pump wavelength. This work not only experimentally validates the nonclassical bistability behaviors, but also puts forward a simple method of pump-resonance matching for high-quality performance.

AB - We generate correlated photon pairs in an all-pass silicon microring resonator using continuous-wave pumped spontaneous four-wave mixing and we characterize in detail the optical bistability in the non-classical single-photon regime. Special attention is given to the resonance-locked method by balancing the pump-induced heating and the active off-chip cooling, leading to stable operation of the photon-pair source. The maximal coincidence rate of 20.53 ± 0.34 Hz, maximal coincidence-to-accidental ratio of 654 ± 125, and minimal zero-delayed heralded second-order correlation of 0.14 ± 0.09 are achieved. The wavelengths of photon pairs remain unchanged at different pump power, indicating that our source is more compatible with the common communication systems than those using conventional on-resonance strategies, that tunes the pump wavelength. This work not only experimentally validates the nonclassical bistability behaviors, but also puts forward a simple method of pump-resonance matching for high-quality performance.

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