Non-invasive Measurement of Pressure Gradients in Pulsatile Flow using Ultrasound

Jacob Bjerring Olesen, Marie Sand Traberg, Michael Johannes Pihl, Peter Møller Hansen, Michael Bachmann Nielsen, Jørgen Arendt Jensen

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Abstract

This paper demonstrates how pressure gradients in a pulsatile flow environment can be measured non-invasively using ultrasound. The proposed method relies on vector velocity fields acquired from ultrasound data. 2-D flow data are acquired at 18-23 frames/sec using the Transverse Oscillation approach. Pressure gradients are calculated from the measured velocity fields using the Navier-Stokes equation. Velocity fields are measured during constant and pulsating flow on a carotid bifurcation phantom and on a common carotid artery in-vivo. Scanning is performed with a 5 MHz BK8670 linear transducer using a BK Medical 2202 UltraView Pro Focus scanner. The calculated pressure gradients are validated through a finite element simulation of the constant flow model. The geometry of the flow simulation model is reproduced using MRI data, thereby providing identical flow domains in measurement and simulation. The proposed method managed to estimate pressure gradients that varied from 0 kPa/m–7 kPa/m during constant flow and from 0 kPa/m–200 kPa/m in the pulsatile flow environments. The estimator showed, in comparison to the simulation model, a bias of -9% and -8% given in reference to the peak gradient for the axial and lateral gradient component, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
PublisherIEEE
Publication date2013
Pages2022
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4673-5686-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2013 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium - Prague Convention Center , Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 21 Jul 201325 Jul 2013
http://ewh.ieee.org/conf/uffc/2013/

Conference

Conference2013 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
LocationPrague Convention Center
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period21/07/201325/07/2013
Internet address

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