Non-imaging metasurface design for collimated beam shaping

Kirstine E.S. Nielsen, Mads A. Carlsen, Xavier Zambrana-Puyalto, Søren Raza*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Non-imaging optical lenses can shape the light intensity from incoherent sources to a desired target intensity profile, which is important for applications in lighting, solar light concentration, and optical beam shaping. Their surface curvatures are designed to ensure optimal transfer of energy from the light source to the target. The performance of such lenses is directly linked to their asymmetric freeform surface curvature, which is challenging to manufacture. Metasurfaces can mimic any surface curvature without additional fabrication difficulty by imparting a spatially-dependent phase delay using optical antennas. As a result, metasurfaces are uniquely suited to realize non-imaging optics, but non-imaging design principles have not yet been established for metasurfaces. Here, we take an important step in connecting non-imaging optics and metasurface optics, by presenting a phase-design method for beam shaping based on the concept of optimal transport. We establish a theoretical framework that enables a collimated beam to be redistributed by a metasurface to a desired output intensity profile. The optimal transport formulation leads to metasurface phase profiles that transmit all energy from the incident beam to the output beam, resulting in an efficient beam shaping process. Through a variety of examples, we show that our approach accommodates a diverse range of different input and output intensity profiles. Last but not least, a full field simulation of a metasurface has been done to verify our phase-design framework.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOptics Express
Volume31
Issue number23
Pages (from-to)37861-37870
ISSN1094-4087
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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