Noise in Optical Amplifiers

    Research output: Book/ReportBookResearchpeer-review


    Noise in optical amplifiers is discussed on the basis of photons and electromagntic fields. Formulas for quantum noise from spontaneous emission, signal-spontaneous beat noise and spontaneous-spontaneous beat noise are derived.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages32
    Publication statusPublished - 1997


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