NiO/YSZ Reduction for SOFC/SOEC Studied In Situ by Environmental Transmission Electron Microscopy

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Abstract

A typical anode for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) or cathode for solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOEC) is a complex porous structure of Ni and yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ). The porous Ni/YSZ is usually prepared from powder mixtures of NiO and YSZ, tape casted and sintered into a dense structure and finally reduced during start-up of the SOFC/SOEC in H2 at the operating temperature of the cell (ca. 800 °C). This contribution presents environmental transmission electron microscopy (ETEM) nanoscale observations of the reduction process of a NiO/YSZ powder in H2 at temperatures up to almost 1000 °C. The study focusses on the temperature dependent dynamical morphology of the NiO/YSZ and on the possible influence of YSZ on the NiO reduction.
Original languageEnglish
JournalECS Transactions
Volume64
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)73-80
Number of pages8
ISSN1938-5862
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event226th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society (ECS) and 7th Meeting of the Mexico Section of the Electrochemical Society ECS and SMEQ Joint International Meeting : Joint international meeting - Cancun, Mexico
Duration: 5 Oct 20149 Oct 2014
Conference number: 226

Conference

Conference226th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society (ECS) and 7th Meeting of the Mexico Section of the Electrochemical Society ECS and SMEQ Joint International Meeting
Number226
CountryMexico
CityCancun
Period05/10/201409/10/2014

Keywords

  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

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