Nighttime radiative cooling potential of unglazed and PV/T solar collectors: parametric and experimental analyses

Thibault Quentin Pean, Luca Gennari, Bjarne W. Olesen, Ongun Berk Kazanci

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Abstract

Nighttime radiative cooling technology has been studied both by means of simulations and experiments, to evaluate its potential and to validate the existing theoretical models used to describe it. Photovoltaic/thermal panels (PV/T) and unglazed solar collectors have been chosen as case studies. An experimental setup has been constructed and tested during summer of 2014, at the Technical University of Denmark. The cooling performance (heat loss) has been measured simultaneously for both types of panels, installed side-by-side. The experimental results have been compared with the results from a commercial building simulation software and from theoretical calculations. All three methods showed good consistency in the cooling output. The cooling power ranged between 20 to 75 W/m2 without a noticeable difference between the PV/Ts and the unglazed collectors, the outcome depending mainly on the sky clearness. The obtained values showed a good agreement with the ones found in the literature about solar panels or other kinds of heat sinks used for radiative cooling applications. The panels provided a cooling performance per night ranging between 0.2 and 0.9 kWh/m2 of panel. The COP values (defined as the ratio between the obtained cooling and the energy used by the circulation pump) reached very high values, ranging from 19 to 59, which highlights the potential of this technology for energy savings for cooling purposes. Possible applications include cooling production for non-residential buildings such as offices under the Scandinavian climate, and, in addition, for residential buildings under Southern climates.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 8th Mediterranean Congress of Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (CLIMAMED 2015)
Number of pages8
Publication date2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event8th Mediterranean Congress of Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning - Juan-les-pins ongress Center, Juan-les-pins, France
Duration: 9 Sep 201511 Sep 2015
Conference number: 8

Conference

Conference8th Mediterranean Congress of Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning
Number8
LocationJuan-les-pins ongress Center
CountryFrance
CityJuan-les-pins
Period09/09/201511/09/2015

Keywords

  • Nighttime radiative cooling
  • Photovoltaic/thermal panel (PV/T)
  • Unglazed solar collector
  • Energy efficiency
  • TRNSYS
  • Simulation
  • Experimental validation

Cite this

Pean, T. Q., Gennari, L., Olesen, B. W., & Kazanci, O. B. (2015). Nighttime radiative cooling potential of unglazed and PV/T solar collectors: parametric and experimental analyses. In Proceedings of the 8th Mediterranean Congress of Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (CLIMAMED 2015)