NEXAFS and MS-AES spectroscopy of the C 1s and Cl 2p excitation and ionization of chlorobenzene: Production of dicationic species

Lúcia H. Coutinho*, Fabio de A. Ribeiro, Bruno N. C. Tenorio, Sonia Coriani, Antonio C. F. Dos Santos, Christophe Nicolas, Aleksandar R. Milosavljevic, John D. Bozek, Wania Wolff*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


We report on single- and double-charge photofragment formation by synchrotron radiation, following C 1s core excitation and ionization and Cl 2p inner excitation and ionization of chlorobenzene, C6H5Cl. From a comparison of experimental near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectra and theoretical ab initio calculations, the nature of various core and inner shell transitions of the molecule and pure atomic features were identified. To shed light on the normal Auger processes following excitation or ionization of the molecule at the Cl 2p or C 1s sites, we addressed the induced ionic species formation. With energy resolved electron spectra and ion time-of-flight spectra coincidence measurements, the ionic species were correlated with binding energy regions and initial states of vacancies. We explored the formation of the molecular dication C6H5Cl2+, the analogue benzene dication C6H42+, and the singly charged species produced by single loss of a carbon atom, C5HnCl+. The appearance and intensities of the spectral features associated with these ionic species are shown to be strongly site selective and dependent on the energy ranges of the Auger electron emission. Unexpected intensities for the analogue double charged benzene C6H42+ ion were observed with fast Auger electrons. The transitions leading to C6H5Cl2+ were identified from the binding energy representation of high resolution electron energy spectra. Most C6H5Cl2+ ions decay into two singly charged moieties, but intermediate channels are opened leading to other heavy dicationic species, C6H42+ and C6H4Cl2+, the channel leading to the first of these being much more favored than the other.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number48
Pages (from-to)27484-27497
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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