New Real-Time Market Facilitating Demand-Side Resources for System Balancing

Donghan Feng, Preben Nyeng, Jun Xie, Jacob Østergaard, Zheng Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Many demand side resources have the potential to provide fast and low cost balancing services. Switching these devices on and off can be executed in seconds and have limited consequences for the customers if the duration is not long. With carefully designed market rules, tens of thousands of such loads can deliver a well-behaved, stable and predictable balancing support. Based on a comprehensive analysis of the current balancing markets, as well as the technical properties of traditional and potential balancing resources, this paper proposes a new real-time balancing market setup facilitating the participation of demand-side resources. In light of the future environment of increasing intermittent renewable power and distributed energy/storage resources, stochastic time-series and Monte-Carlo simulation are used to analyze the relationship between balancing requirement and generation/demand uncertainties. This research is potentially useful for designing future balancing markets and utilizing demand response for system services. Copyright (C) 2011 Praise Worthy Prize S.r.l. - All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Review of Electrical Engineering
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)396-404
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Distributed Storage
  • Electricity Market Design
  • Active Demand Side
  • Electric Power System
  • Vehicle to Grid
  • Wind Power
  • Real-Time Balance
  • Time-Series Analysis
  • Renewable Energy
  • Monte-Carlo Simulation
  • Electric Vehicle

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