The state-of-the-art of PEMFC technology is based on perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSA) polymer membranes operating at a typical temperature of 80°C. The newest development in the field is alternative polymer electrolytes for operation above 100°C. This paper is devoted to a review on the development, which is classified into three groups: modified PFSA membranes, alternative sulfonated polymer and their inorganic composite membranes and acid-base complex membranes. High temperature PEMFC has been demonstrated with advanced features such as fast electrode kinetics, high CO tolerance, simple thermal and water management and possible integration with the fuel processing unit.
|Title of host publication||Proceedigns of the 1st European Hydrogen Energy Conference|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
|Event||1st European Hydrogen Energy Conference - Grenoble, France|
Duration: 1 Jan 2003 → …
Conference number: 1
|Conference||1st European Hydrogen Energy Conference|
|Period||01/01/2003 → …|