The increasing focus on environmental issues and the requirements to establish solutions diminishing the impact on working environment as well as external environment has strongly motivated the efforts to develop new, environmentally friendly tribological systems for metal forming production. The present paper gives an overview of these efforts substituting environmentally hazardous lubricants in cold, warm and hot forging by new, more harmless lubricants. Introduction of these new lubricants, however, has some drawbacks due to lower limits of lubrication leading to risk of pick-up, poor product quality and tool wear.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 12th International Cold Forging Congress|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
|Event||12th ICFC 2011 - Stuttgart, Germany|
Duration: 1 Jan 2011 → …
|Conference||12th ICFC 2011|
|Period||01/01/2011 → …|
Bibliographical noteThis paper is based on the keynote paper  in the reference list.
- Metal forming tribology
- Tool materials and tool coatings
- Environmental impact