New lubricant systems for cold and warm forging – advantages and limitations

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The increasing focus on environmental issues and the requirements to establish solutions diminishing the impact on working environment as well as external environment has strongly motivated the efforts to develop new, environmentally friendly tribological systems for metal forming production. The present paper gives an overview of these efforts substituting environmentally hazardous lubricants in cold, warm and hot forging by new, more harmless lubricants. Introduction of these new lubricants, however, has some drawbacks due to lower limits of lubrication leading to risk of pick-up, poor product quality and tool wear.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th International Cold Forging Congress
Publication date2011
ISBN (Print)978-3-88355-385-6
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event12th ICFC 2011 - Stuttgart, Germany
Duration: 1 Jan 2011 → …


Conference12th ICFC 2011
CityStuttgart, Germany
Period01/01/2011 → …

Bibliographical note

This paper is based on the keynote paper [1] in the reference list.


  • Metal forming tribology
  • Tool materials and tool coatings
  • Lubricants
  • Environmental impact


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