New logistical issues in using electric vehicle fleets with battery exchange infrastructure

Pitu Mirchandani, Jonathan Adler, Oli B.G. Madsen

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    There is much reason to believe that fleets of service vehicles of many organizations will transform their vehicles that utilize alternative fuels that are more sustainable. The electric vehicle (EV) is a good candidate for this transformation, especially which "refuels" by exchanging its spent batteries with charged ones. This paper discusses some new logistical issues that must be addressed by such EV fleets, principally the issues related to the limited driving range of each EV's set of charged batteries and the possible detouring for battery exchanges. In particular, the paper addresses (1) the routing and scheduling of the fleet, (2) the locations of battery-exchange stations, and (3) the sizing of each facility. An overview of the literature on the topic is provided and some initial results are presented. (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalProcedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
    Pages (from-to)3-14
    Number of pages12
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Bibliographical note

    Open Access under CC BY-NC-ND license.


    • Electric Vehicles
    • Constrained Shortest Routes
    • Vehicle Routing
    • Facility Location
    • Facility Sizing

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