New Hypothesis for SOFC Ceramic Oxygen Electrode Mechanisms

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Abstract

A new hypothesis for the electrochemical reaction mechanism in solid oxide cell ceramic oxygen electrodes is proposed based on literature including our own results. The hypothesis postulates that the observed thin layers of SrO-La2O3 on top of ceramic perovskite and other Ruddlesden-Popper structured electrode materials are sufficiently electron and oxygen ion conducting to provide reaction sites despite that the bulk phase of such an oxide layer is insulating. We claim that a few nanometer thin layer of mixed SrO-La2O3 that contains some dissolved transition metal and some impurities plus two space charge layers – one towards the gas phase and the other towards the perovskite – will be sufficiently oxide ion (vacancy) and electron conducting to support the electrode process. We also present some considerations about a possible mechanism of improved electrodes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalE C S Transactions
Volume72
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)93-103
Number of pages11
ISSN1938-5862
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventThe 229th ECS Meeting - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 29 May 20162 Jun 2016
Conference number: 229
http://www.electrochem.org/229

Conference

ConferenceThe 229th ECS Meeting
Number229
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period29/05/201602/06/2016
Internet address

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