New hatchery methods for efficient spore use and seedling production of Palmaria palmata (dulse)

Peter Søndergaard Schmedes*, Mette Møller Nielsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review


Palmaria palmata (dulse) is a high valued rhodophyte; nevertheless, its hatchery methods are underdeveloped. New hatchery methods are required to improve the spore use efficiency and seeding quality, which are important benchmarks for a viable cultivation. This study investigated a method using vertical seeding tanks (exp. 1), hemispherical agitation and flow-through conditions to improve spore dispersal on net substrates. Tanks were inoculated with different amounts of sori tissue, which sporulated in three consecutive seeding periods. The results demonstrated significant effect of seeding period where 5–15 g FW sori could be used to seed three nets (~126 m rope) over the course of 9 days providing a density up to 10 seedlings cm−1 after 32 days. The effluent spores were collected in detaining tanks and germinated into a propagule mix of female and male gametophytes. The propagule mix was efficient as a secondary seeding inoculum, as propagules were able to reattach to substrates upto 39days after their release asspores (exp. 2). Addingmalegametes tothe propagule mix and spore seededropes was tested as a relevant hatchery step to activate female gametophytes and significantly resulted in more than a doubling of seedlings (exp. 3). This study present new methods and strategies to improve spore use efficiency and to obtain an equal spore dispersal on net substrates for hatchery production of P. palmata
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Phycology
Number of pages11
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020
Event23rd International Seaweed Symposium - Jesu, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Duration: 28 Apr 20193 May 2019


Conference23rd International Seaweed Symposium
CountryKorea, Democratic People's Republic of


  • Rhodophyta
  • Dulse cultivation
  • Spore dispersal
  • Fertilization
  • Hatchery
  • Tetraspores
  • Reattachment
  • Spore seeding

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