Network Topology Independent Multi-Agent Dynamic Optimal Power Flow for Microgrids with Distributed Energy Storage Systems

Thomas Morstyn, Branislav Hredzak, Vassilios G. Agelidis

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This paper proposes a multi-agent dynamic optimal power flow (DOPF) strategy for microgrids with distributed energy storage systems. The proposed control strategy uses a convex formulation of the ac DOPF problem developed from a d-q reference frame voltage-current model and linear power flow approximations. The convex DOPF problem is divided between autonomous agents and solved based on local information and neighbour-to-neighbour communication over a sparse communication network, using a distributed primal subgradient algorithm. Each agent is only required to solve convex quadratic sub-problems, for which robust and efficient solvers exist, making the control strategy suitable for receding horizon model predictive control. Also, the agent sub-problems require limited power network information and include only a subset of the centralised optimisation problem decision variables and constraints, providing scalability and data privacy. Unlike existing distributed optimal power flow methods, such as alternating direction method of multipliers, under the proposed control strategy the information required by each agent is independent of the communication network topology, providing increased flexibility and robustness. The performance of the proposed control strategy was verified for an ac microgrid with distributed lead-acid batteries and intermittent photovoltaic generation, using an RTDS Technologies real-time digital simulator.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)3419-3429
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Distributed optimisation
  • Energy management system
  • Energy storage systems
  • Microgrid
  • Model predictive control
  • Multi-agent systems
  • Dynamic optimal power flow

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