Network effects in railways

Alex Landex

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


    Railway operation is often affected by network effects as a change in one part of the network can influence other parts of the network. Network effects occur because the train runs may be quite long and since the railway system has a high degree of interdependencies as trains cannot cross/overtake each other everywhere in the network. First this paper describes network effects in general (section 1). In section 2 the network effects for trains and how they can be measured by scheduled waiting time is described. When the trains are affected by network effects the passengers are also affected. Therefore, sections 3 and 4 describe the network effects for passengers and how they can be measured using passenger delay models. Before the concluding remarks in section 6, section 5 discusses how the operation can be improved by examining network effects in the planning process. © 2012 WIT Press.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationComputers in Railways XIII : Computer System Design and Operation in the Railway and Other Transit Systems
    EditorsC.A. Brabbia, N. Tomii, J.M. Mera, B. Ning, P. Tzieropoulos
    Place of PublicationAshurst
    PublisherWIT Press
    Publication date2012
    ISBN (Print)978-1-84564-616-5
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-84564-617-2
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    Event13th International Conference on Design and Operation in Railway Enginering: COMPRAIL XIII - Wessex Institute of Technology, New Forest, United Kingdom
    Duration: 11 Sept 201213 Sept 2012
    Conference number: 13


    Conference13th International Conference on Design and Operation in Railway Enginering
    LocationWessex Institute of Technology
    Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
    CityNew Forest
    SeriesW I T Transactions on the Built Environment


    • Network effect
    • Train delay
    • Passenger delay
    • Scheduled waiting time


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