Nearshore and offshore wind development: Costs and competitive advantage exemplified by nearshore wind in Denmark

Henrik Klinge Jacobsen*, Pablo Alejandro Hevia Koch, Christoph Wolter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Nearshore wind development has been seen as the cost-reducing option that could shrink the cost gap between onshore and offshore development. The cost advantage is linked to more shallow water and shorter connection to shore even avoiding an offshore substation. Public tendering for offshore wind in Denmark has opened up for near-shore wind turbine farms as an alternative for lowering the cost of new offshore wind development. Whether these proposed near-shore locations will manage to significantly lower costs is not clear. The tenders have resulted in bids that are at comparable levels for the nearshore and the further offshore wind farms. We compare the cost drivers and possible cost differentials with preferences for locating wind farms further away from the coast. The primary cost driver is water depth, and in the Danish case water depth is increasing slowly or is not even correlated with the distance from shore. Therefore the willingness to pay for moving turbines away from the coast may be sufficiently high to balance the increased cost. The actual comparison of costs and willingness to pay must be carried out for the specific case with cost characteristics and willingness to pay by the affected population.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy for Sustainable Development
Volume50
Pages (from-to)91-100
ISSN0973-0826
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Offshore wind
  • Cost drivers
  • Preferences
  • Nearshore

Cite this

@article{b89e41270c2d4a868cf14dde216d0eca,
title = "Nearshore and offshore wind development: Costs and competitive advantage exemplified by nearshore wind in Denmark",
abstract = "Nearshore wind development has been seen as the cost-reducing option that could shrink the cost gap between onshore and offshore development. The cost advantage is linked to more shallow water and shorter connection to shore even avoiding an offshore substation. Public tendering for offshore wind in Denmark has opened up for near-shore wind turbine farms as an alternative for lowering the cost of new offshore wind development. Whether these proposed near-shore locations will manage to significantly lower costs is not clear. The tenders have resulted in bids that are at comparable levels for the nearshore and the further offshore wind farms. We compare the cost drivers and possible cost differentials with preferences for locating wind farms further away from the coast. The primary cost driver is water depth, and in the Danish case water depth is increasing slowly or is not even correlated with the distance from shore. Therefore the willingness to pay for moving turbines away from the coast may be sufficiently high to balance the increased cost. The actual comparison of costs and willingness to pay must be carried out for the specific case with cost characteristics and willingness to pay by the affected population.",
keywords = "Offshore wind, Cost drivers, Preferences, Nearshore",
author = "{Klinge Jacobsen}, Henrik and {Hevia Koch}, {Pablo Alejandro} and Christoph Wolter",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.esd.2019.03.006",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "91--100",
journal = "Energy for Sustainable Development",
issn = "0973-0826",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Nearshore and offshore wind development: Costs and competitive advantage exemplified by nearshore wind in Denmark. / Klinge Jacobsen, Henrik; Hevia Koch, Pablo Alejandro; Wolter, Christoph.

In: Energy for Sustainable Development, Vol. 50, 2019, p. 91-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nearshore and offshore wind development: Costs and competitive advantage exemplified by nearshore wind in Denmark

AU - Klinge Jacobsen, Henrik

AU - Hevia Koch, Pablo Alejandro

AU - Wolter, Christoph

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Nearshore wind development has been seen as the cost-reducing option that could shrink the cost gap between onshore and offshore development. The cost advantage is linked to more shallow water and shorter connection to shore even avoiding an offshore substation. Public tendering for offshore wind in Denmark has opened up for near-shore wind turbine farms as an alternative for lowering the cost of new offshore wind development. Whether these proposed near-shore locations will manage to significantly lower costs is not clear. The tenders have resulted in bids that are at comparable levels for the nearshore and the further offshore wind farms. We compare the cost drivers and possible cost differentials with preferences for locating wind farms further away from the coast. The primary cost driver is water depth, and in the Danish case water depth is increasing slowly or is not even correlated with the distance from shore. Therefore the willingness to pay for moving turbines away from the coast may be sufficiently high to balance the increased cost. The actual comparison of costs and willingness to pay must be carried out for the specific case with cost characteristics and willingness to pay by the affected population.

AB - Nearshore wind development has been seen as the cost-reducing option that could shrink the cost gap between onshore and offshore development. The cost advantage is linked to more shallow water and shorter connection to shore even avoiding an offshore substation. Public tendering for offshore wind in Denmark has opened up for near-shore wind turbine farms as an alternative for lowering the cost of new offshore wind development. Whether these proposed near-shore locations will manage to significantly lower costs is not clear. The tenders have resulted in bids that are at comparable levels for the nearshore and the further offshore wind farms. We compare the cost drivers and possible cost differentials with preferences for locating wind farms further away from the coast. The primary cost driver is water depth, and in the Danish case water depth is increasing slowly or is not even correlated with the distance from shore. Therefore the willingness to pay for moving turbines away from the coast may be sufficiently high to balance the increased cost. The actual comparison of costs and willingness to pay must be carried out for the specific case with cost characteristics and willingness to pay by the affected population.

KW - Offshore wind

KW - Cost drivers

KW - Preferences

KW - Nearshore

U2 - 10.1016/j.esd.2019.03.006

DO - 10.1016/j.esd.2019.03.006

M3 - Journal article

VL - 50

SP - 91

EP - 100

JO - Energy for Sustainable Development

JF - Energy for Sustainable Development

SN - 0973-0826

ER -