Near-Infrared Light-Driven Mesoporous SiO2/Au Nanomotors for Eradication of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm

Tijana Maric*, Amalie Løvind, Zhongyang Zhang, Jiayue Geng, Anja Boisen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Bacterial biofilms are linked to several diseases and cause resistant and chronic infections in immune-compromised patients. Nanomotors comprise a new field of research showing a great promise within biomedicine but pose challenges in terms of biocompatibility. Nanomotors propelled by thermophoresis could overcome this challenge, as they leave no waste product during propulsion. In this study, mesoporous-silica nanoparticles are coated with a thin layer of gold to make nanomotors, which can be driven by near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation. The prepared mesoporous SiO2-Au nanomotors exhibit efficient self-propulsion when exposed to NIR irradiation, they penetrate deep through a biofilm matrix, and disperse the biofilm in situ due to the photothermal effect on the Au part of the nanomotors. The velocities of such nanomotors are investigated at different wavelengths and laser powers. Furthermore, the study examines the ability of these nanomotors to eradicate Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) biofilm under NIR light irradiation. The conducted study shows that the nanomotor's velocity increases with increasing laser power. The mesoporous SiO2/Au nanomotors show excellent capabilities to eradicate P. aeruginosa biofilms even under short (30 s–3 min) irradiation time. This study shows great promise for overcoming the challenges related to bacterial biofilm eradication.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2203018
JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Volume12
Issue number13
Number of pages8
ISSN2192-2640
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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