Near-field characterization of surface plasmon polaritons on single-crystalline gold platelets

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Abstract

The subwavelength confinement of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) makes them useful for various applications such as nanoplasmonic circuits, light generation and solar energy conversion. Scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopes (s-SNOM) allow the direct measurement of the SPPs. However, in a reflection configuration, their full quantitative characterization is challenging because of complex wave patterns resulting from the interference between several excitation pathways. In a previous study, it has been shown that the wavelength of the SPPs launched by a s-SNOM tip (called tip-launched SPPs) could be retrieved by analyzing the s-SNOM signal far from the edges of the
platelets. In this study, we present results from the interferometric near-field measurements of both the amplitude and phase of SPPs on large single-crystalline gold platelets in the visible spectral range. We study systematically the influence of the angle of the incident light on the SPPs. We find that the signal of the tip-launched SPPs is best disentangled from other signals at grazing incident angle relative to the platelet’s edge. Moreover, we introduce a simple theoretical model to explain the π/2 phase shift observed between the SPP amplitude and phase profiles. Using this model, the wavelength Λtl and propagation length Ltlp of the tip-launched SPPs are retrieved by isolating and fitting their signals far from the edges. Our experimental results are in excellent agreement with our model using gold refractive index values from the literature. The presented method to fully characterize the SPP complex wavevector could enable the quantitative analysis of polaritons occurring in different materials in the visible range.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2022
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event12th International conference on elastic, electrical, transport, and optical properties of inhomogeneous media - Besançon, France
Duration: 4 Jul 20228 Jul 2022
Conference number: 12

Conference

Conference12th International conference on elastic, electrical, transport, and optical properties of inhomogeneous media
Number12
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityBesançon
Period04/07/202208/07/2022

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