Natural fibre selection for composite eco-design

Andrea Corona, Bo Madsen, Michael Zwicky Hauschild, Morten Birkved

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Abstract

Natural fibre composites (NFC) are gaining interest in manufacturing because they address some of the environmental problems of traditional composites: use of non-renewable resources, and large impacts related to their production and disposal. Since natural fibres are not yet optimized for composite production, it is crucial to identify the most appropriate applications, and determine the optimal fibre/matrix ratio. A methodology is proposed for early-stage decisions support on selection of bio-composite materials. Results help identify the application with the largest reduction in environmental burden and show that the fibre/matrix combination with the lowest environmental burden also has the best mechanical properties.
Original languageEnglish
JournalC I R P Annals
Volume65
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)13-16
ISSN0007-8506
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Composite
  • Eco-design methodology
  • Lifecycle
  • Composite materials
  • Ecodesign
  • Life cycle
  • Natural fibers
  • Biocomposite materials
  • Eco-design methodologies
  • Environmental burdens
  • Environmental problems
  • Natural fibre composites
  • Non-renewable resource
  • Fibers

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