Natural Composites: Cellulose Fibres and the related Performance of Composites

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Abstract

Biobased materials are becoming of increasing interest as potential structural materials for the future. A useful concept in this context is the fibre reinforcement of materials by stiff and strong fibres. The biobased resources can contribute with cellulose fibres and biopolymers. This offers the potential for stiff and strong biocomposite materials, but these have some limitations and obstacles to full performance. The focus will be on the ultra-structure, and the strength and stiffness of cellulose fibres, on the (unavoidable) defects causing large reductions in strength and moderate reductions in stiffness, on the packing ability of cellulose fibres and the related maximum fibre volume fraction in composites, on the moisture sorption of cellulose fibres and the related mass increase and (large) hygral strains induced, and on the mechanical performance of composites.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation
Volume5
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)100-111
ISSN1757-2754
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Cellulose fib res
  • Structure
  • Strength
  • Stiffness
  • Defects
  • Fibre packing ability
  • Moisture sorption
  • Composite performance

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