National biosecurity approaches, plans and programmes in response to diseases in farmed aquatic animals: evolution, effectiveness and the way forward

T. Håstein, M. Binde, M. Hine, S. Johnsen, A. Lillehaug, Niels Jørgen Olesen, N. Purvis, A.D. Scarfe, B. Wright

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The rapid increase in aquaculture production and trade, and increased attention to the negative effects of disease, are becoming stimuli for developing national biosecurity strategies for farmed fisheries, for which the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Aquatic Animal Health Code and Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals serve as an excellent framework. Using examples from a few countries and selected diseases, this paper provides a general overview of the development of approaches to implementing biosecurity strategies, including those emerging in the national legislation and regulations of some countries, and those being initiated by industries themselves. The determination of disease status in different epidemiological units (from a farm to a nation), appropriate approaches for preventing the introduction of disease and developing contingencies for disease control and eradication are also discussed. Important to the effectiveness of such strategies are provision of financial, personnel and other resources to implement them, including incentives such as indemnification or compensation in eradication programmes, and practical linkage to regulatory or government policy initiatives.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalRev Sci Tech Off Int Epizoot
    Volume27
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)125-145
    ISSN0253-1933
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Keywords

    • aquaculture
    • contingency
    • regulation
    • biosecurity

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