Nanosecond laser-induced controllable oxidation of TiB2–TiC ceramic composites for subsequent micro milling

Hongjun Xia, Guolong Zhao*, Yang Zhang, Liang Li, Ning He, Hans Nørgaard Hansen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Laser-induced controllable oxidation coupled with micro-milling (LOMM) provides a feasible way to machine difficult-to-machine materials such as TiB2–TiC ceramic composites. The oxidation mechanism of the material under laser irradiation represents the fundamental issue of LOMM. In this paper, laser-induced controllable oxidation of spark plasma sintered TiB2–TiC ceramic composites as the workpiece material was studied. A three-dimensional finite element model was established based on ABAQUS/CAE 6.14 software to simulate the effect of laser parameters on temperature field distribution and was verified by experiments. The influence of laser processing parameters and assisted gas atmospheres on the oxidation behavior of TiB2–TiC ceramic composites was investigated. Results revealed that the irradiated temperature which had a significant impact on oxidation behavior, increased with an increment of the laser fluence and decreased with an increment of scanning speed with other laser parameters fixed. In addition, based on experimental analysis, the thickness of the oxide-layer increased with an increase of laser fluence and reduced with increasing laser scanning speed. At a laser fluence of 10.78J/cm2 and scanning speed of 1 mm/s as well as in an oxygen-rich atmosphere, a loose and porous oxide-layer was produced on the irradiated surface. Cross-section thicknesses of the oxide-layer and sub-layer reached 63 μm and 22 μm, respectively. Moreover, the thickness of the oxide-layer was 22 μm in air surroundings and hardly be found in argon and nitrogen atmospheres under identical laser parameters, which indicated that oxygen content had a significant influence on the oxidation reaction of the material. The products of the oxide-layer were mainly composed of rutile- and anatase-TiO2. Furthermore, the hardness of the sub-layer was 9.6 ± 0.7 GPa at a laser fluence of 10.78J/cm2 and scanning speed of 1 mm/s, which was far lower than that of the substrate with a hardness of 20 ± 0.7 GPa. This study provides a theoretical basis for subsequent micro-milling.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCeramics International
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Ceramic composites
  • Laser-induced oxidation
  • Microstructure
  • Phase compositions


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